Brief therapy, as the name suggests is a short term therapy, using a variety of approaches to psychotherapy focusing on a specific problem and finding solutions to make positive changes.
It involves a direct intervention by the therapist who works more pro-actively with the client. It focuses on the resolution of current problems rather than how the issues arose. It emphasises precise observation, uses a client’s natural resources, and encourages the temporary suspension of disbelief, to enable the consideration of new perspectives and multiple viewpoints.
My PhD that was on the subject of Brief Therapy received an Economic, Social And Research Council (ESRC) Award and studied the combined Narrative, Solution-Oriented, Gestalt and Ericksonian methodologies and the work of Gregory Bateson, Don Jackson, Jay Hayley, Richard Fisch, Paul Watzlawick, John Weakland, Viktor Frankl, Fritz Perls and others. At its heart, and that of the work of the Mental Research Institute (MRI) was a focus on“ Utilization”.
Like Brief Therapy, Neuro-Linguistic Psychotherapy is a short from therapy and works on the premise that we construct our own model of reality (a personalised map of the world) based on our experiences and how we represent them internally.
It explores the thinking patterns, beliefs, values and experiences behind problems or goals and aims to extend a person’s existing skill base and provide them with a sense of having more control and greater ability to create a more fulfilling life.
This form of psychotherapy emerged in the early 1970’s from the work of John Grinder and Richard Bandler drawing on the work of Noam Chomsky, Alfred Korzybski, Gregory Bateson, Fritz Pearls, Virginia Satir and Milton Erickson. They identified a practical approach to self-exploration through connecting specific and direct links between language (linguistic) – verbal and non-verbal – and internal processing (neurology) and habitual behaviours (programming).
Coaching, which can be a short or long-term form of support is suitable for individuals, teams or groups looking to achieve greater self-awareness, improved self-management skills, performance and increased self-efficacy.
It encourages clients to develop their own goals and solutions. The coach will work with teh client in a structured way collaboratively in order to achieve the goals and changes sought.